War of 1812
World War II
US Aircraft of WW2
(DD-672: dp. 2050; 1. 37'6"; b. 39'8"; dr. 17'9"; ~s. 37 k.;
cpl. 319; a. 5 5", 10 21", tt. 6 dcp., 2 dct.; cl. Fletcher)
Healy (DD-672) was launched by FederaI Shipbuilding & Dry Dock Co., Kearny, N.J., 4 July 1943; sponsored by Mrs. Howard R. Healy, widow of the namesake, and commissioned at New York Navy Yard 3 September 1943, Comdr. J. C. Atheson in command.
After completing her shakedown cruise off Bermuda Healy returned to New York 31 October. The ship departed for a week of coastal patrol 10 November, and after meeting a convoy at sea steamed into Norfolk 18 November 1943. Two days later she cleared port en route to the Pacific, and after transiting the Panama Canal arrived San Francisco 4 December. From there .she proceeded to Pearl Harbor, and after arrival 11 December spent several weeks training in Hawaiian waters with carrier Yorktown and other ships which would become the famous Task Force 58 under Vice Admiral Mitscher.
The Navy had begun its gigantic island campaign in the Pacific with the capture of the Gilberts, and Healy departed 16 January 1944 for the second major operation' the capture of the Marshall Islands. Until being detached from the group 1 February, Healy screened carriers Enterprise and Yorktown during devastating raids on installations on the target islands, including Kwajalein. Healy was assigned 1 February to escort damaged battleships Washington and Indiana to Majuro, and rendezvoused with the carriers there 4 February.
Healy's next major operation was the neutralization of Truk, a major Japanese naval base in the Pacific. Departing Majuro 12 February, the carrier group attacked Truk 17-18 February with striking thoroughness, sinking or rendering useless most of the shipping and aircraft and eliminating Truk as a major threat to the allied plans. After the raid Healy and the carriers steamed to the Marianas, fought off several air attacks 22 February, and delivered important strikes against Saipan, Tinian, and Guam, America's next objectives in the Pacific.
Prior to the Marianas invasion, however, Healy screened Enterprise on a series of raids in the western Pacific designed to aid the coming operations. After a stop at Espiritu Santo the ships struck the Palau Islands 30 March, and after beating off Japanese air raids launched an attack on Yap and Ulithi the next day. Enterprise planes attacked Woleai 1 April 1944, and returned to Majuro five days later. Healy put to sea again 14 April to screen Enterprise during strikes on New Guinea, supporting operations and landings at Tanahmerah Bay. Another heavy raid on the Japanese base at Truk 29~0 April completed this highly successful operation, and she returned to Majuro 4 May.
After a period of intensive training and preparation she departed Majuro 6 June for the invasion of the Marianas, a spectacular amphibious operation to be carried out nearly 1,000 miles from the nearest advance base, Eniwetok. Again acting as screening ship for the carriers, Eealy supported softening-up raids 11-15 June and protected them during the period of direct support as Kelly Turner's marines went ashore 15 June. Two days later Healy and the other ships steamed out to join Admiral Mitscher's carrier task force as the Japanese made preparations to close the Marianas for a decisive naval battle. The great fleets approached each other 19 June for the biggest carrier engagement of the war, and as four large air raids hit the American dispositions fighter cover from the ships of Healy's task group and surface fire from the ships decimated the Japanese formations. With able assistance from American submarines, Mitscher succeeded in sinking two Japanese carriers in addition to inflicting fatal losses on the enemy naval air arm during "The Great Marianas Turkey Shoot" 19 June. Healy helped rescue pilots from downed aircraft 21 June,and arrived Eniwetok 9 July. The Marianas invasion had been secured and the enemy threat turned back.
Getting underway again 17 June, Healy's carrier task force launched repeated strikes on Guam, steamed into the Carolines, and commenced strikes against the Palaus 25 July. Continuing to cruise with Task Force 58, Eealy screened the carriers during strikes on the Bonin and Volcano Islands 4-5 August before returning to Eniwetok 11 August 1944. Sailing again 28 .August, the group hit the Bonins, Palaus, and various targets in the Philippines until 17 September. Healy was detached that date and joined a carrier task group for direct support of the Peleliu invasion, the next step on the island road to Japan.
The destroyer returned with her carrier group to Manus 21 September, and steamed to Ulithi to form an important task group for operations in the western Pacific. The giant force, numbering 17 carriers and supporting surface ships, rendezvoused at sea, and launched strikes against Okinawa 10 October. Then the carriers moved toward their real objective 12 October—Formosa. In a devastating 3 days of err attacks, carrier planes did much to destroy Formosa as a supporting base for the Japanese in the island battles to come. Japanese forces retaliated with heavy and repeated land-based air attacks. Healy brought down one bomber and assisted in downing many more during these attacks, in which cruisers Canberra and Houston were damaged.
After protecting the retirement of the damaged ships, Healy resumed her screening duties for air attacks against Philippine installations 19 October. As troops stormed ashore at Leyte for the historic return to the Philippines Eealy and her carrier group began direct support of the operation, blasting airfields on southern Luzon.
By 24 October it was clear that the invasion of Leyte had called forth one last giant effort on the part of the Japanese to annihilate the American fleet. Its three major fleet units moved toward the Philippines for the historic Battle for Leyte Gulf, intending to divert Halsey's carriers to the northward and strike the assault forces in the gulf two-pronged death blow. Healy joined Rear Admiral F. C. Sherman's Task Group 38.3, near Luzon 24 October which was attacked early in the day by landbased aircraft. Planes of the task group struck out at the ships of Admiral Kurita in the Sibuvan Sea. sinking the giant battleship Musashi and damaging other heavy units, of the Japanese forces.
While two other phases of the great engagement, the Battle of Surigao Strait and the Battle off Samar, were being fought, Admiral Halsey deployed carrier forces northward to meet the powerful force under Admiral Ozawa. Making contact 25 October, the carriers, screened by Eealy and other surface units, launched a series of strikes at the Japanese carrier group. Despite effective enemy anti aircraft fire, the planes succeeded in sinking four carriers, and a damaged destroyer was later sunk by gunfire. The great sea battle was thus ended, with the invasion of Leyte secured and the Japanese fleet no longer an effective fighting unit.
Healy returned to Ulithi for replenishment 30 October and sailed two days later with her task group for additional strikes on the Philippines. Strikes ;3 November crippled airfields on Luzon, hit shipping Manila Bay, and fought off air attacks by Japanese planes against the fleet These operations continued until 2 December. with Healy splashing several of the attacking aircraft in the protection of her carriers. After a brief stay at Ulithi, the destroyer and her task group returned to Luzon for strikes against airfields 14-16 December. After riding out the terrible typhoon which sank destroyers Hull, Managua and Spence, Healy searched for survivors from the lost ships before returning to Ulithi with her carrier group 24 December.
After getting underway 30 December, Healy and her task group moved back to the Philippines. They attacked Formosa and Luzon until 8 January 1945, and then pushed into the South China Sea for a bold demonstration of the mobility of carrier-based air power. Attacking Formosa, Camranh Bay, Saigon, Hong Kong, and Hainan, the ships sailed out of the South China Sea 21 January, having sunk over 130,000 tons of shipping and destroyed numerous aircraft.
The carrier forces, after another stop at Ulithi, now turned their attention to Iwo Jima. With Healy and other destroyers in the protective screen, carrier planes supplied close support for the invasion 19 February, and continued for 3 days before departing for strikes against Japanese home air bases. Leaving the carrier group Healy next was assigned to the battleships designated to bombard Iwo Jima, and remained off the island patrolling and screening 4 27 March. She then sailed with cargo ship Thuban by way of Saipan and Eniwetok to Pearl Harbor, arriving 4 April 1945. From there the veteran destroyer steamed to San Francisco Bay, where she arrived 23 April.
After repairs and additional training, Healy again got underway for the combat zone 20 June 1945, departing the Hawaiian area 2 August with battleship New Jersey and other ships for the western Pacific. The destroyer arrived Guam 11 August, and en route from there to Iwo Jima heard the news that the war was over. Healy steamed off Japan with Missouri and other units preparatory to the formal surrender, then acted as harbor control vessel at Tokyo Bay until after the ceremonies, departing 5 September with passengers for he United States. She put them ashore at San Diego 21 December 1945 and sailed from California via the Panama Canal to New York. where she arrived 17 January 1946. Subsequently, she sailed to Charleston and decommissioned 11 July 1946.
Healy remained in reserve until recommissioning at Charleston 3 August 1951. After shakedown training at Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, the ship took part in training exercises including anti-submarine, air defense, and screening drills until 29 June 1953. During this time she visited various Caribbean ports and convoyed shipping to and from the Panama Canal.
Healy put to sea 29 June 1953 on a world cruise, stopping at San Diego and Pearl Harbor on the way to the Far East. The destroyer participated in operations with the 7th Fleet patrolling off Communist China, and conducted coastal patrol off Korea 3 August to 3 December 1953. Rejoining her division, she then resumed her world cruise, visiting Hong Kong, Ceylon. Egypt, Italy. and other countries before returning to Norfolk 6 February 1954. The ship spent the remainder of 1954 on a midshipman training cruise to northern Europe and on local exercises off Virginia.
The destroyer joined the 6th Fleet in 1955, sailing 5 November for the Mediterranean. She remained with the fleet protecting allied interests in that area until 26 February 1956, when she returned to Norfolk. After another cruise training midshipmen, which took her to northern Europe again, the ship returned to Annapolis 31 July 1956. Healy then participated in local operations, spent a month as training ship for Naval Mine Warfare School, Yorktown, VA., and arrived Norfolk 19 March 1957. Moving to Philadelphia, the ship decommissioned 11 March 1958, where she remains in reserve through 1967.
Healy received eight battle stars for World War II service.