DD-76: dp. 1,090; 1. 314'4"; b. 30'6"; dr. 8'8"; s. 35 k. ; cpl. 134; a. 4 4", 1 3", 12 21" tt. cl. Wickes)
A History of the USS Philips DD=76
The first Philip (DD-76) wa laid down by the Bath Iron Works, Bath, Me., 1 September 1917; launched 25 July 1918; sponsored by Mrs. Barrett P. Philip; and commissioned at the Boston Navy Yard 24 August 1918, Lt. Comdr. John F. Cox in command.
After being fitted out at Boston, Philip reported to Commander Squadron Two, Cruiser Force, 1 September 1918, to escort convoy HX-47 across the Atlantic, returning from Bunerana, Ireland, under orders of Commander, U.S. Destroyer Forces operating in European waters. She wa flagship of Submarine Hunting Group stationed at the Coast Guard Station, Cold Spring, Cape May, N.J. 28 September-11 October. She steamed to Europe with convoy HX-54 which sailed 27 October but returned to New York, 20 November.
Philip supported the trans-Atlantic flight of the NC-1, NC3, and NC-4, 11-19 May 1919. With other fleet units, she had a part in Army experimental firing at Fort Haneoek, N.Y. She then had orders to duty with Squadron 4, Destroyer Force Pacific Fleet, and reported at San Diego De~stroyer Base 2 August. During the next month she cruised to Pearl Harbor T. H., and thereafter took part in division maneuvers, fleet movements and tactical exercises, eruising the west coast of the United States, South Ameriea, and Canal Zone, having special duty as assigned until 29 May 1922 when Philip was placed Ollt of commission.
When recommissioned 25 February 1930, after her overhaul and reconditioning, Philip was attached to Destroyer Squadrons, Battle Fleet, and conducted maneuvers and gunnery praetiee for the Reserve Force in the San Diego area. On 3 November she arrived at Corinto, Nicaragua enroute to the East Coast to join the Training Squadron, arriving New York Navy Yard 6 December. For the instruction of NROTC classes in the year 1931, she made many departures from Staten Island for the New England eoa t, Bermuda operating area,
and Naval Operating Base, Hampton Roads, Tangier Sound and Quantico, Va., before returning to New York. On 22 December she departed New York to join the Speeial Service Squadron which operated in the vicinity of Panama, Nicaragua, and El Salvador for the protection of American interests. Upon being detached Philip entered Mare Island Navy Yard, and from 9 May to 30 July 1932 operated in reduced commission with Destroyer Squadron 20, Rotating Reserve.
At her base in San Diego, from 18 August, Philip operated with Destroyer Division 6, Squadron 2, Battle Fleet, engaging in intensive division training, taeties and torpedo praetiee, at times operating with Aireraft Battle Force. From December 1933 to July 1934 she was in reduced status as before, later serving successively with Submarine Division 12 and with Cruisers Seouting Poree, and with other destroyer divisions.
In July-August 1934 Philip visited Alaskan ports, and made preparations for the Presidential Fleet Review held at San Diego in September-October 1935. Among her many duties, Philip annually participated in fleet problems, engaged in squadron and fleet taeties, acting at times as plane guard for carriers.
She decommissioned at Destroyer Base, San Diego, 2 April 1937, and recommissioned 30 September 1939 for duty with Division 64, Atlantic Squadron, which operated on neutrality patrol in the vicinity of Key West, Fla. She arrived there 11 December, and early the next year as a unit of the Antilles Detsehment, she visited Duteh Indies and Venezuelan ports as well as Guantanamo Bay, Cuba, St. Eustatius, Dry Tortugas, San Juan, P.R., St. Thomas, V.I., Culebra Island, and acted as submarine escort to the Canal Zone.
Departing Key West for New York Navy Yard 23 July 1940, she was overhauled and following trials arrived at Newport, R.I., enroute to Halifax, Nova Seotia. There she was decommissioned 23 October 1940 and turned over to British authorities in the ships for bases exchange, and renamed Lancaster in the Royal Navy. Her name was struck from the Navy List 8 January 1941. She served as a minelayer and convoy escort in the Royal Navy during World War II, and was reduced to reserve in July 1945.